By, Joe Barnes – Illinois Policy, 5/7/19 – As property tax bills hit Lake County mailboxes, residents get a stark reminder that Illinois needs pension reform, not higher taxes.
Lake County homeowners last year paid higher property taxes – averaging $9,186 – than any other Illinois county, and the new bills are arriving in the mail.
The average household in Lake County last year paid 2.68% of the value of their single-family home in property taxes, according to ATTOM Data Solutions. At more than double the national average of 1.16%, residents pay the 42nd-highest effective property tax rate in the nation.
Between 1996 and 2016, Lake County residents saw property taxes grow 161% faster than home values. Adjusted for inflation, that was $1,051 worth of property tax increase per person. While residents assume property tax hikes pay for public services, the reality is property taxes pay for pensions.
Lake County homeowners see 76 cents of every $1 taxed for municipal police go to pensions, and 82 cents of every $1 taxed for fire protection go to pensions. Growing pension obligations crowd out services and tie the hands of local governments during the budget process.
Meanwhile, Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker is trying to convince state lawmakers to ask Illinois voters for a constitutional amendment that would make way for a progressive income tax. Supporters claim the proposed “fair tax” will be a magic solution to the financial woes plaguing the state. However, without serious pension reform, any progressive tax proposal will be consumed by pensions. It will inevitably lead to tax hikes on all Illinoisans.
Even if the proposal to couple a property tax freeze to the progressive tax is passed, the property tax bill only impacts school districts and is so riddled with exemptions that few taxpayers will see relief. More likely, property taxes will continue to rise as pensions continue to eat school revenue that should be used to teach youngsters.
Illinois voters in key state House districts oppose Pritzker’s “fair tax.”
In Democratic state Rep. Mary Edly-Allen’s district – which covers Lake County towns Lake Zurich and Libertyville – residents dislike Pritzker’s plan. Voters in the district view Pritzker unfavorably, 39% to 26%. They oppose his plan to change to a progressive tax 45% to 27% – regardless of whether they have heard of his proposal. Given brief descriptions of both flat and progressive income taxes, voters said they would vote against changing to a progressive income tax, 53% to 37%. To amend the state constitution, 60% of the voters must approve the proposed amendment.
Pritzker’s proposed progressive tax rates fall short of their $3.4 billion revenue target by at least $1 billion, according to an Illinois Policy Institute analysis. While Pritzker hinged many of his promises on increasing revenue from a progressive tax, a new ad from Think Big Illinois – a group which counts Pritzker among their major donors – walks back the promise of tax relief for 97% of Illinoisans to only claim taxes will not be raised on them.
Moreover, Pritzker told WLS-TV, Channel 7, in Chicago he couldn’t guarantee his tax plan won’t raise taxes later on those making less than $250,000 a year.
“As you know, we currently live in a system in which the taxes can be changed at any moment so there’s certainly no guarantees, but what I will tell you is that I am fighting for the plan that I put forward,” he said April 23.
Illinoisans know that dumping the Illinois Constitution’s flat tax protection for Pritzker’s false promise of property tax relief is a bad deal. In order to fund his promises, Pritzker would need to adopt rates that hike taxes by up to $3,500 on the typical middle-income family – a move that could cost 286,000 jobs.
Absent constitutional pension reform, Illinois’ pension obligations are on track to consume over half of state revenues, crowding out vital services and leaving taxpayers facing further tax hikes. The Illinois Constitution doesn’t need an amendment to remove protection of the flat income tax. Instead, Illinois needs to amend the state constitution to protect already earned pension benefits, while allowing for changes to future, unearned accruals.
For Lake County homeowners who are set to receive a reminder they face not only one of the highest average effective property tax rates but also pay the most, a progressive tax would depress job growth, accelerate population loss and leave fewer working families to share the property tax burden.